Stefan Andres, Martin Andersen-Nexø, Branwell Brontë, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Sunthorn Phu, Sidney Howard

Duitse schrijver Stefan Andres werd geboren op 26 juni 1906 in Breitwies bij Trier. Zie ook alle tags voor Stefan Andres op dit blog.

Uit: Wir sind Utopia

“Die enge, düstere Gassenrinne fuhr der Wagen langsam dahin, wiewohl kein Mensch, weder Zivilist noch Soldat, ihm begegnete. Auf dem weiten, gleißenden Platz nahm er die Kehre, und im Schatten vor der Freitreppe der in ihrem starrenden Prunk unfreudig wirkenden Barockfassade des Karmeliterklosters stand er dann still.
Unter der Pforte erschien auf das groblässige Signal des Wagens hin ein Offizier, von einem Sergeanten und einem Soldaten begleitet, welche die Ankömmlinge mit düster gleichmütigen Blicken empfingen.
Die sechs Bajonette sprangen sofort auf das Pflaster, ein Kommando schnarrte, und die Lehmgestalten erhoben sich mühsam, traten ein paarmal hin und her und sprangen ebenfalls, nachdem sie die eingeschlafenen Füße zuvor möglichst tief hatten herabkommen lassen, vorsichtig auf das Pflaster.
Es waren über zwanzig Gefangene, die im Karmeliterkloster untergebracht werden sollten. Seine Geräumigkeit und vergitterten Fenster machten den Bau für seine neue Bestimmung noch geeigneter; zudem lag das Kloster mit der Hinterfront an der Stadtmauer, und da ging es aus den Fenstern des ersten Stockes über fünfzehn Meter tief jäh hinunter. Das war ein weiterer Vorteil für die Wachhabenden, denn das etwa zweihundert Gefangene beherbergende Lager konnte so mit einer schwachen Besatzung auskommen, die in der Tat nur aus einem Leutnant, einem Sergeanten und zwei Soldaten bestand.
Freilich lagen in der Stadt noch einige Fliegerabwehrbatterien und leichte Kraftfahrverbände, die auf den Einsatz warteten.“

Stefan Andres (26 juni 1906 – 29 juni 1970)

 

De Deense schrijver Martin Andersen-Nexø werd geboren op 26 juni 1869 in Kopenhagen. Zie ook alle tags voor Martin Andersen-Nexø op dit blog.

Uit:Die Passagiere der leeren Plätze (Vertaald door Ellen Schou en Karl Schodder)

„Aber eines Tages hielt ich dann doch eine gewaltige Summe Geldes in der Hand: vierhundert Kronen, für die ich nach Italien fahren sollte; die unfassbar gutherzige Frau hatte sie herangeschafft. Es ist nicht zu sagen, wie mir zumute war; dem Tode war ich entschlüpft, und dem noch Schlimmeren — der Sklaverei — ebenfalls! Wie ein Sperling, der durch wunderbaren Zufall aus dem Rachen der Katze entkommt, flatterte ich davon, halbtot, aber froh und warm im Herzen. Ich war — im letzten Augenblick — auf die Sonnenseite des Daseins versetzt worden; jetzt war ich an der Reihe, Sonne zu schlecken!
Aber war da Platz für mich? Und würden jene, die dort schon saßen, mit mir zu tun haben wollen — oder würden sie mich hetzen wie einen fremden Köter, der dort nichts zu suchen hätte?
Es war ganz merkwürdig, ins Lager der Auserwählten versetzt zu werden, zu denen, deren Leben so viel mehr galt, dass Reisen in den Süden dafür aufgewendet wurden. Wenn ich auch nur dritter Klasse fuhr, so nahm sich vor dem Hintergrund des Zwecks der Reise doch alles ganz anders aus. Mein Leben sollte gerettet werden, während alle die anderen, meine Leidensgefährten, in ihrem Elend stecken blieben! Ich empfand zugleich ein Gefühl des Auserwähltseins und der Fahnenflucht — der Treulosigkeit gegenüber allen jenen, mit denen ich ein Schicksal gemeinsam hatte.
Und ich war aus meiner Arme-Leute-Ergebenheit herausgerissen worden. Ich entdeckte rasch, dass es auf der Sonnenseite des Daseins Platz genug gab, für mich und viele andere; überall fuhren die Züge halbleer, während jene, die hätten mit dabei sein sollen, irgendwo im Dunkel saßen und verkamen. Warum wagten sie sich nicht hervor und machten ihr Recht geltend? Und warum war ich selber so geniert und verschüchtert, als ob ich ein Schmarotzer wäre?
Schon die erste Nacht der Reise von der schleswigschen Grenze bis zur Hauptstadt wurde mir zu einer unvergesslichen Lektion, mich nicht deshalb als auserwählt zu betrachten, weil ich zufällig einem Menschen begegnet war, der in mein Schicksal eingegriffen und mich aus meinem Zusammenhang, aus dem Zusammenhang des Elends herausgerissen hatte.“

Martin Andersen-Nexø (26 juni 1869 – 1 juni 1954)
Portret door Knud Aage Larsen, 1934.

 

De Engelse dichter en schilder Branwell Brontë werd op 26 juni 1817 geboren in Thornton, Yorkshire. Zie ook alle tags voor Branwell Brontë op dit blog.

Epistle To The Labouring Poor (Fragment)

Your mean attire and scanty fare
Are, doubtless, springs of bitter care,
Expose you blushing, trembling, bare,
To haughty scorn;
Yet murmur not in black despair,
Nor weep forlorn.

You see that lordling glittering ride
In all the pomp of wealth and pride,
With lady lolling at his side,
And train attendant:
‘Tis all, when felt and fairly tried,
But care resplendent.

As riches grow his wants increase,
His passions burn and gnaw his peace,
Ambition foams like raging seas
And breaks the rein,
Excess produces pale disease
And racking pain.

Compared with him thrice happy you;
Though small your stock your wants are few,
Each wild desire your toils subdue,
And sweeten rest,
Remove all fancied ills from view,
And calm your breast.

Branwell Brontë (26 juni 1817 – 24 september 1848)

 

De Bengaals – Indische dichter, schrijver, essayiste en journalist Bankim Chandra Chatterjee werd geboren op 26 juni 1838 in Kanthalpura. Zie ook alle tags voor Bankim Chandra Chatterjee op dit blog.

Uit: The Poison Tree (Vertaald door Miriam S. Knight)

“It was not quite an ordinary house, but it had no sign of prosperity. The door-frames were broken and dirty; there was no trace of human occupation—only owls, mice, reptiles, and insects gathered there. The light came only from one side. Nagendra saw some articles of furniture for human use; but everything indicated poverty. One or two cooking vessels, a broken oven, three or four brass dishes—these were the sole ornaments of the place. The walls were black; spiders’ webs hung in the corners; cockroaches, spiders, lizards, and mice, scampered about everywhere. On a dilapidated bedstead lay an old man who seemed to be at death’s door; his eyes were sunk, his breath hurried, his lips trembling. By the side of his bed stood an earthen lamp upon a fragment of brick taken from the ruins of the house. In it the oil was deficient; so also was it in the body of the man. Another lamp shone by the bedside—a girl of faultlessly fair face, of soft, starry beauty.
Whether because the light from the oil-less lamp was dim, or because the two occupants of the house were absorbed in thinking of their approaching separation, Nagendra’s entrance was unseen. Standing in the doorway, he heard the last sorrowful words that issued from the mouth of the old man. These two, the old man and the young girl, were friendless in this densely-peopled world. Once they had had wealth, relatives, men and maid servants—abundance of all kinds; but by the fickleness of fortune, one after another, all had gone. The mother of the family, seeing the faces of her son and daughter daily fading like the dew-drenched lotus from the pinch of poverty, had early sunk upon the bed of death. All the other stars had been extinguished with that moon. The support of the race, the jewel of his mother’s eye, the hope of his father’s age, even he had been laid on the pyre before his father’s eyes. No one remained save the old man and this enchanting girl. They dwelt in this ruined, deserted house in the midst of the forest. Each was to the other the only helper.”

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee (26 juni 1838 – 8 april 1894)
Cover 

 

De Thaise dichter Sunthorn Phu werd geboren op 26 juni 1786 in Bangkok. Zie ook alle tags voor Sunthorn Phu op dit blog.

Uit: Phra Aphai Mani (Vertaald door Prince Prem Burachat)

“The two pupils made rapid advance in their studies. The professor of music took Phra Abhai Mani to the top of a mountain to play his flute, and what he learned was no common kind of flute-playing.
When he played, all the wild animals in the forest – even tigers and elephants – forgot to eat and came to listen, enraptured by the magic notes that came out of the musical instrument. Within seven months, Phra Abhai Mani had completely mastered the art of music, with which he could charm the hearts of men and lull them to sleep or make them fall in with his desires. His instruction finished, the professor handed him back his ring : he desired no payment from a pupil such as Phra Abhai Mani. So Phra Abhai Mani, full of gratitude, took leave of him and rejoined his brother, who had likewise completed his course. Sri Suvarna now knew all there was to be known about military tactics and could handle any weapon with infinite skill. He had als o been handed back his ring on completing his studies. There was nothing to prevent the two brothers from returning to their father’s palace with all due speed.
On their arrival, they went straight to the hall where Sudasna was giving audience. As soon as the Prince saw his sons, he beamed with pleasure, and called them to his side. At once he began to ask how they had fared. But when he heard how his elder son has been learning to play the flute, and his younger son had spent his time wielding common weapons, his pleasure turned to anger, and, stamping his royal foot, said in his rage
“I do not wish to hear an not wish to hear any more! Music! Music is fit only for hired minstrels and entertainers. Why, even the women in my palace can learn to play music. And a knowledge of common weapons is suitable only for common soldiers. What have the sons of princes to do with such things? You have both put me to shame. I cannot let you stay in my palace. I ought to drive you out. You have been away a whole year, wasting your time, and then you come to annoy me with your foolish talk.”

Sunthorn Phu (26 juni 1786 – ? 1855)
Beeld in het wassenbeelden museum in Nakhon Pathom

 

De Amerikaanse toneel- en draaiboekschrijver Sidney Howard werd geboren op 26 juni 1891 in Oakland, Californië. Zie ook alle tags voor Sidney Howard op dit blog.

Uit: The Story Gets a Treatment

“The talking picture should, if possible, never pause to talk about itself. This is a lesson which many directors and writers in Hollywood have still to learn. One still sees too many picture scenes which are no more than photographed play scenes. By this I mean scenes in which the director has deluded himself into the belief that he is satisfying the action demands of the picture medium by moving his camera round and about a theater stage and cutting from close-up of A to close-up of B.
Dialogue scenes of talking pictures should be written as though each were a full-rate cable, for every word of which the writer has to pay out of his own pocket.
Length hangs like doom over any picture. All producers and directors seem to have one weakness in common. They are unwilling to face the fact that their scripts are too long, and proceed in the delusion that they will not need cutting after the film has been shot and put together. The picture which is cut to length in script can be smoothly cut and the cuts blended over so that they will not afterwards be apparent. The picture which is shot from an over-length script and cut after it has been put together will always show the bad joints of crude carpentry.
The day of important original screenplays is near, when our O’Neills and Kaufmans will be writing for the screen as independently as they now write for the stage and arranging for their productions, not out of deference to the higher weekly salary, but with the same greed for the best artistic conditions of cast and direction which they now impose upon the theater. This is inevitable because the best talents for producing, directing and acting have already been drawn to the screen. In the screen drama that is to come, the director will continue his domination, at least until the screen has welded director and screenwriter into a single individual. But the writer’s side of this superman will still play second fiddle and screen drama will not be literature but something else, something new. It is always a sound idea in art, as in life, to welcome anything new when it is good, and motion pictures seem bent on growing better and better.”

Sidney Howard (26 juni 1891 – 23 augustus 1939)