Zsuzsanna Gahse, João Guimarães Rosa, Catherine Cookson, Gaston Bachelard, James Woodforde, Helen Keller

De Duitse schrijfster en vertaalster Zsuzsanna Gahse werd op 27 juni 1946 in Boedapest geboren. Zie ook mijn blog van 27 juni 2007 en ook mijn blog van 27 juni 2008 en ook mijn blog van 27 juni 2009.

Uit: Nachher klappt es aber

 

„Die viel gerühmten guten und schlechten Nachrichten betreffen auch die Sprache, vielleicht sogar sie am ehesten (da doch solche Nachrichten nur mit Hilfe der Sprache mitgeteilt werden können).

Zuerst die schlechte Nachricht: Keine einzige Sprache kann alles ausdrücken.

Immer wieder verzweifelt man schier, weil man etwas Besonderes sagen möchte, aber es klappt nicht. Wörter fehlen, der richtige Satz fehlt, und nun geht die Suche los, die Untersuchung aller Wörter, die Versuchung, den erwünschten Satz einfach wieder aufzugeben, aber zum Schluss fällt einem (hoffentlich) ein halbwegs gutes neues Wort ein.

Damit ist schon gesagt, dass selbst die schlechte Nachricht positiv ist, denn die Sprache ist klug, erfinderisch, sie nähert sich gerne den Ideen der Redenden und lässt sich verändern. Und die von vornherein gute Nachricht ist, dass unsere oft als spröd bezeichnete deutsche Sprache, der man Kopflastigkeit und Kälte nachsagt, in Wirklichkeit elastisch ist, zudem ist sie lautmalerisch, bis hinein in ihre Welt der Buchstaben.

Das Wort kahl ist wirklich kahl, öd ist wirklich öd, rot ist rot und hängt mit rösten zusammen, das spürt jeder, auch wenn er nicht daran denkt.

Wimmern, winseln, quieken sind einleuchtende Beispiele für die Lautmalerei; drei Beispiele aus einer endlos langen Reihe. Auch stur ist ein gutes Wort, weil da förmlich zu sehen ist, wie sich jemand bockig sträubt, um nicht viel denken zu müssen.

Stur also. Und stehen, stecken, starren, Stock, Stapel, stellen, stumm; bei jedem einzelnen ST-Wort stolpert und stockt die Bewegung, man hört es, spürt es auch im Mund. Dieses ST ist ein gelungener alter Doppellaut, der nie korrigiert werden musste und der ein uraltes indogermanisches (indoeuropäisches) Grundgefühl transportiert. Er taucht auch im italienischen stare auf, im englischen to stay, im russischen stajatj.“

 

 

gahse

Zsuzsanna Gahse (Boedapest, 27 juni 1946)

 

 

De Braziliaanse schrijver João Guimarães Rosa werd geboren op 27 juni 1908 in Cordisburgo, Minas Gerais. Zie ook mijn blog van 27 juni 2009.

 

Uit: The Audacious Mariner (Vertaald door J.L. Taylor en Harriet De Onis)

 

„The Aldacious Mariner, he did infirmly go off to discover the other places. He went in a ship, and skulduggery, too. He went on his own. The places were far-off, and the sea. The Aldacious Mariner at first missed his mother, his brothers and sisters, his father. He didn’t cry. He did duly have to go. He said: — ‘Will you forget me?’ His ship, the day came for it to leave. The Aldacious Mariner stood waving his white handkerchief, extrinsically, from inside the ship’s going away. The ship went from being near to being far off, but the Aldacious Mariner didn’t turn his back on the people, away from them. The people were actually waving white handkerchieves too. In the end, there was no more ship to be seen, there was only the sea that was left. Then one of them thought and said: — ‘He’s going to discover the places that we’re never going to discover…’ Then, so then, another person said: — ‘He’s going to discover the places, then he’s never going to come back…’ Then yet another one thought and thought, spherically, and said: — ‘So, he must be a bit angry with us, deep down, without knowing it…’ Then they all cried, ever so much, and went home sadly to have their dinner…“

 

Rosa

João Guimarães Rosa (27 juni 1908 – 19 november 1967)

 

 

De Engelse schrijfster Catherine Cookson (pseudoniem van Kate McMullen) werd geboren in Tyne Dock, County Durham op 27 juni 1906. Zie ook mijn blog van 27 juni 2007 en en ook mijn blog van 27 juni 2009.

 

Uit: Kate Hannigan’s Girl

 

„Annie stood gripping her bicycle and staring wide-eyed at the tall, auburn-haired boy leaning nonchalantly across his saddle.
‘What did Cathleen Davidson tell you?’ she asked.
‘Well, if I tell you you’ll jump down my throat.’
‘No I won’t.’ Without taking her eyes from his she flicked her head from side to side, throwing the long silvery plaits over her shoulders.
‘Your hair’s marvellous,’ he said.
‘What did Cathleen say about me?’ Annie asked again, a nervous tremor passing over her face.
‘Well, if I tell you, will you promise to go with me?’
‘Go with you? Oh, I can’t.’ Annie stared at him, aghast. ‘You’re nearly sixteen. And…and there’s Cathleen.’
‘Oh, very well.’ He shrugged his shoulders and ran his hand through his wavy hair.
‘Yes I will. All right, then, Brian.’ The words came with a rush.
‘Well…’ His eyes moving over her face, from the fringe above the wide green eyes to the large, curving mouth, Brian was savouring the effect of his coming words: ‘Well, she said your mother and stepfather aren’t really married.’
‘What!’ This was new; she hadn’t expected to hear this.
‘That’s what she said.’
‘Oh, the wicked thing. They are married; I was there when they were married. It was the day after New Year’s Day, nearly four months ago.’
‘Were you really there?’
‘Yes, I was!’ she said with emphasis.“

 

cookson

Catherine Cookson (27 juni 1906 – 11 juni 1998)

 

De Franse filosoof en dichter Gaston Bachelard werd geboren op 27 juni 1884 in Bar-sur-Aube. Zie ook mijn blog van 27 juni 2007 en en ook mijn blog van 27 juni 2009.

 

Uit: Le Droit de rêver

 

“Pour un philosophe, les premières pages de son livre sont difficiles et graves, car elles l’engagent trop. Le lecteur les veut pleines, claires, rapides, faute de quoi il les taxe de littérature. Le lecteur veut aussi qu’elles lui paraissent directes, c’est-à-dire rattachées à ses propres problèmes, ce qui suppose un accord des esprits, accord que la tâche du philosophe est précisé- ment de mettre en question. La première page est à peine achevée, et voici le fil en filière. On n’a plus le temps de se reprendre, de rectifier, de recommencer. Et, pourtant, si la philosophie est l’étude des commen- cements, comment s’enseignera-t-elle sans de patients recommencements ? Dans l’ordre de l’esprit, com- mencer, c’est avoir la conscience du droit de recom- mencer. La philosophie est une science des origines voulues. A cette condition, la philosophie cesse d’être descriptive pour devenir un acte intime.”

 

Bachelard

Gaston Bachelard (27 juni 1884 – 16 oktober 1962)

 

De Engelse dagboekschrijver en geestelijke James Woodforde werd geboren in Ansford op 27 juni 1740. Zie en ook mijn blog van 27 juni 2009.

 

Uit: The Diary of a Country Parson 1758 – 1802

 

„I walked up to the White Hart with Mr. Lewis and Bill to see a famous Woman in Men’s Cloaths, by name Hannah Snell, who was 21 years as a common soldier in the Army, and not discovered by any as a woman. Cousin Lewis has mounted guard with her abroad. She went in the Army by the name of John Gray. She has a pension from the Crown now of 18. 5. 0 per annum and the liberty of wearing Men’s Cloaths and also a Cockade in her Hat, which she still wears. She has laid in a room with 70 soldiers and not discovered by any of them. The forefinger of her right hand was cut of by a Sword at the taking of Pondicherry. She is now about 60 yrs of age and talks very sensible and well, and travels the country with a Basket at her back, selling Buttons, Garters, laces etc. I took 4 Pr of 4d Buttons and gave her 0. 2. 6. (21 May 1778).“

 

woodforde

James Woodforde (27 juni 1740 – 1803)

 

De Amerikaanse schrijfster Helen Keller werd geboren in Tuscumbia, Alabama op 27 juni 1880. Zie ook mijn blog van 27 juni 2007 en ook mijn blog van 27 juni 2009.

Uit: The Story of My Life

 

It is with a kind of fear that I begin to write the history of my life. I have, as it were, a superstitious hesitation in lifting the veil that clings about my childhood like a golden mist. The task of writing an autobiography is a difficult one. When I try to classify my earliest impressions, I find that fact and fancy look alike across the years that link the past with the present. The woman paints the child’s experiences in her own fantasy. A few impressions stand out vividly from the first years of my life; but “the shadows of the prison-house are on the rest.” Besides, many of the joys and sorrows of childhood have lost their poignancy; and many incidents of vital importance in my early education have been forgotten in the excitement of great discoveries. In order, therefore, not to be tedious I shall try to present in a series of sketches only the episodes that seem to me to be the most interesting and important.
I was born on June 27, 1880, in Tuscumbia, a little town of northern Alabama.
The family on my father’s side is descended from Caspar Keller, a native of Switzerland, who settled in Maryland. One of my Swiss ancestors was the first teacher of the deaf in Zurich and wrote a book on the subject of their education-rather a singular coincidence; though it is true that there is no king who has not had a slave among his ancestors, and no slave who has not had a king among his.
My grandfather, Caspar Keller’s son, “entered” large tracts of land in Alabama and finally settled there. I have been told that once a year he went from Tuscumbia to Philadelphia on horseback to purchase supplies for the plantation, and my aunt has in her possession many of the letters to his family, which give charming and vivid accounts of these trips.
My Grandmother Keller was a daughter of one of Lafayette’s aides, Alexander Moore, and granddaughter of Alexander Spotswood, an early Colonial Governor of Virginia. She was also second cousin to Robert E. Lee.”

 

keller

Helen Keller (27 juni 1880 – 1 juni 1968)